Export Controls

Federal Agencies

United States Department of State

Exemption concerning higher learning institutions
Includes text from the Federal Register: March 29, 2002 (Volume 67, Number 61).  "This rule amends the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) by establishing an exemption for accredited U.S. institutions of higher learning from obtaining a license for the permanent export, temporary export, and temporary import of most articles fabricated only for fundamental research purposes covered by category XV(a) or (e) of the U.S. Munitions List...."

Directorate of Defense Trade Controls
The Directorate of Defense Trade Controls, Bureau of Political-Military Affairs, in accordance with §§ 38-40 of the Arms Export Control Act (AECA) (22 U.S.C. 2778-2780) and the International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR) (22 CFR Parts 120-130), is charged with controlling the export and temporary import of defense articles and defense services covered by the United States Munitions List (USML).

Code of Federal Regulations (CFR)
Published by the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Office of the Federal Register and the Government Printing Office. The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is a codification of the general and permanent rules published in the Federal Register by the Executive departments and agencies of the Federal Government. The CFR online is a joint project authorized by the publisher,the National Archives and Records Administration's Office of the Federal Register, and the Government Printing Office (GPO) to provide the public with enhanced access toGovernment information.

International Traffic in Arms Regulations (ITAR)
22 CFR 120-130 (January 1, 1999 -- January 1, 2000 not yet available online)
The Arms Export Control Act is implemented by the ITAR.  Complete text of the ITAR. See Part 120, "Purpose and Definitions," for definitions of such terms as:  technical data, public domain, U.S. person, foreign person, export.  Part 121 describes what is included in the U.S. Munitions List.

United States Code (USC, 1994, supplement 4)
The United States Code is a codification of all general and permanent laws of the United States. It is prepared and published by the Office of the Law Revision Counsel, U.S. House of Representatives. This database, available through NARA, contains the general and permanent laws of the United States.

Foreign Relations and Intercourse, Arms Export Control
22 USC 2751-2799
The Arms Export Control Act is codified in the U.S. Code and implemented by the ITAR. Section 2771, military sales authorizations; Section 2778, control of arms exports and imports; Section 2780, transactions with countries supporting acts of international terrorism.


United States Department of the Treasury

The Office of Foreign Assets Control (OFAC) of the US Department of the Treasury administers and enforces economic and trade sanctions based on US foreign policy and national security goals against targeted foreign countries and regimes, terrorists, international narcotics traffickers, those engaged in activities related to the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and other threats to the national security, foreign policy or economy of the United States.


United States Department of Commerce

Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS, formerly the Bureau of Export Admin.)
Includes current BIS issues; initiatives; rules, regulations and lists; getting help; news, etc. For good background information, see, Introduction to Commerce Department Export Controls (revised August 2010).

  • President's Export Control Reform Initiative: Key Developments: In August 2009, the President directed a broad-based interagency review of the U.S. export control system, with the goal of strengthening national security and the competitiveness of key U.S. manufacturing and technology sectors by focusing on current threats, as well as adapting to the changing economic and technological landscape. This review determined that the current export control system is overly complicated, contains too many redundancies, and, in trying to protect too much, diminishes our ability to focus our efforts on the most critical national security priorities.
  • Export Administration Regulations: Includes Export Adminstration Regulations, searchable EAR, Commerce Control List Index, Commerce Control List, Federal Register Notices.
  • Introduction to Commerce Department Export Controls, 8 May 2003: The Department of Commerce’s Bureau of Industry and Security (BIS) is responsible for implementing and enforcing the Export Administration Regulations (EAR), which regulate the export and reexport of most commercial item
  • Export Management and Compliance Program (EMCP): How to develop an organized, integrated compliance program.
  • Export Control Reform News: speeches, teleconferences, amendments, announcements, proposed rules, executive orders, etc.


United States Department of Defense

Export Controls: Export-Controlled Technology at Contractor, University, and Federally Funded Research and Development Center Facilities(D-2004-061). [Arlington, VA], Department of Defense, Office of the Inspector General, 2004.


NASA Headquarters

NASA Export Control Program
The NASA Export Control Program (ECP) is a NASA-wide (Headquarters and Field Centers) system established to ensure that exports and transfers to foreign parties in international activities are consistent with the EAR and the ITAR and NASA international cooperative activities.

Information includes:

NASA Procedural Requirements, NPR 2190.1: NASA Export Control Program - revalidated with changes 1 February 2007.

Export Control Briefing, 5 January 2011: U.S. export control laws and regulations.

Designated Countries List, 3 September 2010.

NASA's policy statement on U.S. Export Control Laws and Regulations (historical), 24 January 2001.


United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS)

The US Citizenship and Immigration Services oversees citizenship, asylum, lawful permanent residency, employment authorization, refugee status, inter-country adoptions, replacement immigration documents, family and employment related immigration, and foreign student authorization. The site includes: forms, laws, regulations, definitions, FAQs, reports and studies, etc. For detailed information on types and availability of immigrant and nonimmigrant visas to the United States, please see the U.S. Department of State's website on Visa Services.


Defense Technical Infomation Center (DTIC)

The Defense Technical Information Center (DTIC®) is the central facility for the collection and dissemination of scientific and technical information for the Department of Defense (DoD). Search for documents, lists, etc.