The AOSS Library supports the research, development, and instructional goals of the Space Science and Engineering Center, the Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration scientists and their affiliates, faculty, graduate students, campus patrons and others.

The library collects publications in the areas of atmospheric science, remote sensing and related subjects, pairing this traditional approach with user-driven collection development.

Special collections strengths include meteorological satellite and instrument histories, Verner E. Suomi archives, publications of SSEC and the Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, satellite photographs dating to 1966, oral histories, government, university and international documents, and more.