HIS: High-resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS)

1980s

The HIS [was designed] to resolve the spectral structure associated with the fine scale details of atmospheric temperature, water vapor, clouds, ozone, methane, nitrous oxide and other trace gases. The very high spectral resolution permits unobstructed viewing of the earth's surface temperature and emissivity. The spectra [have been] used to infer the infrared transmittance/emittance properties of clouds and optically active constituents (gases and aerosols). The HIS was developed with financial assistance from NASA and NOAA and with technical assistance from BOMEM of Canada, Santa Barbara Research Center of Hughes, and the University of Denver.

The HIS [has] operated successfully from the NASA U2/ER2 aircraft. Research is underway to exploit this new airborne remote sensing tool in applications to meteorology, oceanography, and geology. The HIS has flown to provide observations in support of scientific field experiments. The next step in the HIS evolution is to finalize designs for implementation aboard geostationary and polar orbiting satellites, possibly by the mid-1990s.

From CIMSS View, v. 2, no. 3, Fall 1986, p. 1, p. 5

Investigators

Related Websites

Publications

  • Ackerman, S. A.; Smith, W. L.; Collard, A. D.; Ma, H. E.; Revercomb, H. E., and Knuteson, R. O. Cirrus cloud properties derived from High Spectral Resolution Infrared Spectrometry during FIRE II. Part II: Aircraft HIS results . Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences v.52, no.23, 1995, pp4246-4263. Reprint #2222.

  • Ackerman, S. A.; Smith, W. L.; Ma, X. L.; Knuteson, R. O., and Revercomb, H. E. Cirrus cloud retrievals from HIS observations during FIRE II. FIRE Cirrus Science Results 1993: Breckenridge, CO, 14-17 June 1993. Proceedings. Hampton, VA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Office of Management, Scientific and Technical Information Program, 1993, pp98-102. Reprint #1405.

  • Ackerman, Steve A.; Revercomb, H. E.; Knuteson, R. O.; Moeller, C.; Bumley, L.; Stabala, K.; Frey, R. A.; Menzel, W. P.; van Delst, P.; Walden, V. P.; Spinhirne, J.; Hart, W., and Smith, W. L. Cloud retrievals from combined observations from the HIS, MAS, and CLS. Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, 10th: A Symposium with tributes to the works of Verner E. Suomi, Madison, WI, 28 June-2 July 1999 (preprints). Boston, MA, American Meteorological Society, 1999, manuscript not available for publication.

  • Ackerman, Steven; Revercomb, H.; Knuteson, R. O. , and Antonelli, P. Analysis of the high-spectral resolution infrared sounder (HIS) radiances collected as part of the FIRE Program. Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, 11th, Ogden, UT, 3-7 June 2002 (preprints). Boston, MA, American Meteorological Society, 2002, ppmanuscript not available for publication.

  • Best, F., Revercomb, H., LaPorte, D., Knuteson, R., and Smith, W. Accurately calibrated airborne and ground-based Fourier Transform Spectrometers II: HIS and AERI calibr ation techniques, traceability, and testing. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Space Science and Engineering Center, 1997. unpaged. Presented at Council for Optical Radiation Measurements (CORM), 1997 Annual Meeting, National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST), Gaithersburg, MD, 20 April 1997. UW SSEC Publication No.97.04.B1.

  • Clough, Shepard A.; Worsham, Robert D.; Smith, William L.; Revercomb, Henry E.; Knuteson, Robert O.; Anderson, Gail P.; Hoke, Michael L., and Knelzys, Francis X. Validation of fascode calculations with HIS spectral radiance measurements. International Radiation Symposium, Lille, France, 18-24 August 1988. IRS ’88: Current problems in atmospheric radiation (proceedings). Hampton, VA, A. Deepak Pub., 1989, pp376-379. Reprint #1712.

  • Collard, A. D.; Ackerman, S. A.; Smith, W. L.; Ma, H. E.; Revercomb, H. E.; Knuteson, R. O., and Lee, S. C. Cirrus cloud properties derived from High Spectral Resolution Infrared Spectrometry during FIRE II. Part III: Ground-based HIS results. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences v.52, no.23, 1995, pp4264-4275. Reprint #2223.

  • A design feasibility study for the High-resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS), final Report. (Contract No. UAA 871R55 5). Santa Barbara, CA, Santa Barbara Research Center (SBRC), 1981. Various paging. UW SSEC Publication No.81.07.H1.

  • Diak, George R.; Scheuer, Christopher J.; Whipple, Mark S., and Smith, William L. Remote sensing of land-surface energy balance using data from the High-resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS): A simulation study. Remote Sensing of Environment v.48, no.1994, pp106-118. Reprint #1568.

  • Ding, Hanjun. An evaluation of the utility of Ground-Based High Resolution Interferometer (GB-HIS) soundings of the planetary boundary layer. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 1993. xi, 84p. (also included in UW SSEC Publication No.93-09.S1) M.S. thesis. UW MET Publication No.93.08.D1.

  • Grund, Christian J.; Ackerman, Steven A.; Eloranta, Edwin W.; Knuteson, Robert O.; Revercomb, Henry E.; Smith, William L., and Wylie, Donald P. Cirrus cloud characteristics derived from volume imaging lidar, high spectral resolution lidar, HIS radiometer, and satellite. Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, 7th, San Francisco, CA, 23-27 July 1990 (preprints). Boston, MA, American Meteorological Society, 1990, pp357-362. Reprint #1193.

  • Gumley, Liam E.; King, Michael D.; Tsay, Si-Chee ; Gao, Bo-Cai, and Arnold, G. Thomas. Intercomparison of MAS, AVIRIS, and HIS data from FIRE CIRRUS II. FIRE Cirrus Science Results 1993: Breckenridge, CO, 14-17 June 1993. Proceedings. Hampton, VA, National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Office of Management, Scientific and Technical Information Program, 1993, pp20-23. Reprint #4649.

  • High-resolution interferometer sounder (HIS) phase II. Final report on contract NAS5-27608. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Space Science and Engineering Center (SSEC), Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS), 1988. 5p. UW SSEC Publication No.88.10.H1.

  • Huang, Allen Hung-Lung. An analysis of the characteristics of atmospheric profiles obtained with the High-Resolution Interferometer (HIS). Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Meteorology, 1989. 145p. Ph.D. thesis. UW MET Publication No.89.08.H1.

  • Huang, Hung-Lung; Sisko, Christopher A.; Whipple, Mark S., and Smith, William L. Synergism of measurements from the Moderate resolution imaging spectrometer Airborne Simulator (MAS) and High resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS). Symposium on Integrated Observing Systems, 2nd, Phoenix, AZ, 11-16 January 1998 (preprints). Boston, MA, American Meteorological Society, 1998, pp68-71. Reprint #2614.

  • McMillan, W. Wallace; Strow, L. Larrabee; Hannon, Scott E.; Tobin, David C.; Smith, William L.; Revercomb, Henry E., and Knuteson, Robert O. Observations of atmospheric water vapor and spectral line shapes with HIS. OSA Winter Topical Meeting on Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Santa Fe, NM, 10-14 February 1997. Washington, DC, Optical Society of America, 1997, pp200-202. Reprint #3401.

  • Moeller, C. C., Menzel, W. P., and Smith, W. L. A note on the absolute calibration of the HIS and MAMS instruments. In Determination of atmospheric moisture structure and infrared cooling rates from high resolution MAMS radiance data. Final report on NASA contract NAS8-36169, for the period 7 November 1986 to 18 September 1991. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS), 1991, in appendix A. UW SSEC Publication No.91.12.M1.

  • Olander, Timothy L. Analysis of the Florida sea breeze front and convective instability using CaPE HIS data. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Atmospheric and Oceanic Sciences, 1993. xii, 111p. M.S. thesis. UW MET Publication No.93.10.O1.

  • Olander, Timothy L. Analysis of the Florida sea breeze front and convective instability using CaPE HIS data. Wisconsin Space Grant Consortium. Proceedings of the Annual Wisconsin Space Conference, 3rd, Changing directions in space, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, Milwaukee, WI, 12 November 1993. Milwaukee, WI, Wisconsin Space Grant Consortium, 1994, Unpaged. Reprint #3405.

  • Revercomb, H. E., Buijs, H., Howell, H. B., Knuteson, R. O., LaPorte, D. D., Smith, W. L., Sromovsky, L. A., and Woolf, H. W. Radiometric calibration of IR interferometers: Experience from the High-resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS) aircraft instrument. In RSRM ’87: Advances in remote sensing retrieval methods. Hampton, VA, A. Deepak, 1989, pp89-102. Reprint # 1176.

  • Revercomb, H. E., Knuteson, R. O., Smith, W. L., Woolf, H. M., and Howell, H. B. Spectroscopic inferences from HIS measurements of atmospheric thermal emission. In Determination of atmospheric moisture structure and infrared cooling rates from high resolution MAMS radiance data. Final report on NASA contract NAS8-36169, for the period 7 November 1986 to 18 September 1991. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS), 1991, included in appendix A. UW SSEC Publication No.91.12.M1.

  • Revercomb, H. E.; Knuteson, R. O.; Smith, W. L.; Woolf, H. M., and Howell, H. B. Spectroscopic inferences from HIS measurements of atmospheric thermal emission. Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere 1990 Technical Digest Series v.4: Summaries of papers presented at the Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere Topical Meeting, Incline Village, NV, 12-15 February 1990. Washington, DC, Optical Society of America, 1990, pp590-593. Reprint #1619.

  • Revercomb, H. E.; Smith, W. L.; Best, F. A.; Giroux, J.; LaPorte, D. D.; Knuteson, R. O.; Werner, M. W.; Anderson, J. R.; Ciganovich, N. N. ; Cline, R. W.; Ellington, S. D.; Dedecker, R. G.; Dirkx, T. P.; Garcia, R. K., and Howell, H. B. Airborne and ground-based Fourier transform spectrometers for meteorology: HIS, AERI and the new AERI-UAV. Optical Instruments for Weather Forecasting, Denver, CO, 8-9 August 1996 (proceedings). Bellingham, WA, SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering, 1996, pp106-117. Reprint #2718.

  • Revercomb, Henry E. Validation of FASCOD3P using University of Wisconsin HIS data. A report to the Air Force Geophysics Laboratory, Hanscom Air Force Base under contract # F19628-91-K-0007 (mod #6). Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Space Science and Engineering Center, 1993. 55p. UW SSEC Publication No.93.11.R1.

  • Revercomb, Henry E.; Knuteson, Robert O.; Best, Fred A.; Tobin, David C.; Smith, William L.; Feltz, Wayne F.; Petersen, Ralph A.; Antonelli, Paolo; Olson, Erik R.; LaPorte, Daniel D.; Ellington, Scott D.; Werner, Mark W.; Dedecker, Ralph G.; Garcia, Ray K.; Diganovich, Nick N.; Howell, H. Benjamin; Vinson, Ken, and Ackerman, Steven A. Applications of high spectral resolution FTIR observations demonstrated by radiometrically accurate ground-based AERI and Scanning HIS aircraft instruments. Multispectral and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Instruments and Applications, Hangzhou, China, 25-27 October 2002. Bellingham, WA, SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering, 2003, pp11-23. Reprint #3605.

  • Revercomb, Henry E.; Tobin, David C.; Knuteson, Robert O.; Best, Fred A.; Smith, William L.; van Delst, Paul; LaPorte, Daniel D.; Ellington, Scott D.; Werner, Mark W.; Dedecker, Ralph G.; Garcia, Ray K.; Ciganovich, Nick N.; Howell, H. Benjamin; Olson, Erik; Dutcher, Steven, and Taylor, Joe K. Highly accurate FTIR observations from the scanning HIS aircraft instrument. International Asia-Pacific Environmental Remote Sensing Symposium, 4th: Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Ocean, Environment, and Space, Honolulu, Hawaii, 8-11 November 2004. Multispectral and Hyperspectral Remote Sensing Instruments and Applications II (proceedings). Bellingham, WA, SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering, 2005, pp41-53. Reprint #4206.

  • Scheuer, Christopher John. The utility of the High Resolution Interferometer Sounder in the remote sensing of land surface energetics and planetary boundary layer development. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Department of Meteorology, 1989. vi, 82p. M.S. thesis. UW MET Publication No.89.08.S1.

  • Smith, W. L., Woolf, H. M., Howell, H. B., Huang, H.-L., and Revercomb, H. E. The simultaneous retrieval of atmospheric temperature and water vapor profiles – application to measurements with the High spectral resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS) . In RSRM ’87: Advances in remote sensing retrieval methods. Hampton, VA, A. Deepak, 1989, pp189-202. Reprint # 1177.

  • Smith, W. L.; Huang, H. L.; Ma, X. L.; Woolf, H. M., and Revercomb, H. E. High resolution interferometer sounder – An accurate method for profile retrieval without the use of contemporary “First Guess” data. Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere: Summaries of the papers presented at the topical meeting Optical Remote Sensing of the Atmosphere, Salt Lake City, UT, 5-9 February 1995. 1995 Technical Digest Series, v.2. Washington, DC, Optical Society of America, 1995, pp38-40. Reprint #2774.

  • Smith, W. L.; Knuteson, R. O.; Revercomb, H. E.; Best, F.; Dedecker, R., and Howell, H. GB-HIS: A measurement system for continuous profiling of boundary layer thermodynamic structure. Symposium on Meteorological Observations and Instrumentation, 8th, Anaheim, CA, 17-22 January 1993 (preprints). Boston, MA, American Meteorological Society, 1993, ppJ180-J183. Reprint #1627.

  • Smith, W. L.; Revercomb, H. E.; Howell, H. B.; Woolf, H. M., and LaPorte, D. D. The High Resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS). Atmospheric Radiation Progress and Prospects: Beijing International Radiation Symposium, Beijing, China, 26-30 August 1986. Boston, MA, American Meteorological Society, 1987, pp271-281. Reprint #723.

  • Smith, W. L.; Revercomb, H. E.; Howell, H. B.; Woolf, H. M., and LaPorte, D. D. The High resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS). CIMSS View v.2, no.3, 1986, pp1-5. Reprint #3911.

  • Smith, W. L.; Revercomb, H. E.; Knuteson, R. O.; Best, F. A.; Dedecker, R.; Howell, H. B., and Woolf, H. M. Cirrus cloud properties derived from High Spectral Resolution Infrared Spectrometry during FIRE II. Part I: The High Resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS) systems. Journal of the Atmospheric Sciences v.52, no.23, 1995, pp4238-4245. Reprint #2221.

  • Smith, W. L.; Revercomb, H. E.; LaPorte, D. D.; Sromovsky, L. A.; Silverman, S.; Woolf, H. M.; Howell, H. B.; Knuteson, R. O., and Huang, H.-L. GHIS – The GOES High Resolution Interferometer Sounder. GOES I-M Operational Satellite Conference, Arlington, VA, 3-6 April 1989. [Washington, DC], US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), 1989, pp338-363. Reprint #4377.

  • Smith, W. L.; Woolf, H. M.; Howell, H. B.; Revercomb, H. E., and Huang, H. L. HIS – a high resolution atmospheric sounder. International Symposium on Remote Sensing of Environment, 21st, Ann Arbor, MI, 23-20 October 1987 (proceedings). Ann Arbor, MI, Environmental Research Institute of Michigan, 1987, pp577-583. Reprint #1944.

  • Smith, W. L.; Woolf, H. M.; Howell, H. B.; Revercomb, H. W., and Huang, H. L. High Resolution Interferometer Sounder: The retrieval of atmospheric temperature and water vapor profiles. Conference on Satellite Meteorology and Oceanography, 3rd, Anaheim, CA, 1-5 February 1988 (preprints). Boston, MA, American Meteorological Society, 1988, pp266-271. Reprint #821.

  • Smith, William L. and Ackerman, Steven A. Analysis of cirrus optical properties with data from the NASA ER2 High-resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS). Final report on NASA Research Grant NAG1-1015, for the period 1 April 1989 to 31 March 1990. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Space Science and Engineering Center, Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS), 1990. 10p. UW SSEC Publication No.90.06.S1.

  • Smith, William L. and Frey, Richard. On cloud altitude determinations from the High resolution Interferometer Sounder (HIS) observations. Journal of Applied Meteorology v.29, no.7, 1990, pp658-662. Reprint #1145.

  • Smith, William L. and others. Final report of algorithm development with HIS data: NASA Grant NAS5-31377 for the period of January 1, 1991 to December 4 2003. Madison, WI, [University of Wisconsin-Madison, Space Science and Engineering Center], [2004]. Unpaged. UW SSEC Publication No.04.00.S1.

  • Smith, William L., Revercomb, H. E., Huang, H. L., Ma, X. L., Howell, H. B., Woolf, H. M., Dedecker, R. G., Herbsleb, R., Best, F., and Knuteson, R. O. HIS – Validation of NWP model performance during ASHOE [part of: Global water vapor modeling: Final report for NOAA Grant NA36GP0481 covering the period 9/1/93-2/29/96]. Madison, WI, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Space Science and Engineering Center, Cooperative Institute for Meteorological Satellite Studies (CIMSS), 1997. unpaged. part of: Global water vapor modeling: Final report for NOAA Grant NA36GP0481 covering the period 9/1/93-2/29/96. UW SSEC Publication No.97.12.S1.

  • Smith, William L.; Revercomb, H. E.; Howell, H. B., and Woolf, H. M. HIS: A satellite instrument to observe temperature and moisture profiles with high vertical resolution. Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, 5th, Baltimore, MD, October 31-4 November 1983 (preprints). Boston, MA, American Meteorological Society, 1983, pp1-9. Reprint #443.

  • Strow, L. L.; Hannon, S. E.; McMillan, W. W.; Tobin, D. C.; Smith, W. L.; Revercomb, H. E., and Knuteson, R. Atmospheric water vapor and spectral line shape observations with HIS. IRS ’96: Current problems in atmospheric radiation. Proceedings of the International Radiation Symposium, Fairbanks, Alaska, 19-24 August 1996. Hampton, VA, A. Deepak Publishing, 1997, pp408-411. Reprint #2486.

  • Takano, Y.; Liou, K. N.; DeSlover, D. H., and Smith, W. L. Inference of thin cirrus optical and microphysical properties from HIS data. Conference on Atmospheric Radiation, 10th: A Symposium with tributes to the works of Verner E. Suomi, Madison, WI, 28 June-2 July 1999 (preprints). Boston, MA, American Meteorological Society, 1999, pp77-78. Reprint #2596.

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